This book addresses 3 questions: is money a way to
create a European Union identity? If so, which type
of identity is this? And in what ways is the EU identity changing?.
Chapters cover the European framework for payment services users; the limits and challenges of the Banking Union; the digital euro; the policy and regulatory drivers of the EU's changing identity from the early modern roots to the regulatory strategy set in the Capital Markets Union; the fintech-based developments of payment systems; and the fiscal and monetary policies in the post-COVID phase.